Lifestyle & Strength: A predictor of longevity

by | Feb 8, 2023 | Public Access | 0 comments

Staying fit and strong as we age is incredibly important for our overall health and well-being. The benefits of regular exercise and physical activity cannot be overstated, as numerous studies have shown that staying in good physical shape can help to decrease our risk of various health problems and even increase our health span (Ability to live meaningful, enriching lives).

Negative lifestyle factors

However, negative lifestyle factors can increase our all-cause mortality (Death from any cause). One of the biggest threats to our health as we age is high blood pressure, which increases our risk of all-cause mortality by 25%. Smoking, on the other hand, gives us an 83% increase in all-cause mortality, Diabetes is over 100% and obesity has been linked to a 29% increased risk of death from all causes.

Positive lifestyle factors

However, being strong can help to counteract these negative effects. One study found that being strong was associated with a 14% decrease in all-cause mortality, while another study showed that for every 1kg increase in grip strength, there was a 5% decrease in risk. In addition, the maintenance of strength over time was found to be more significant for reducing all-cause mortality than just being strong in general.

Another important factor is muscular strength, which has been shown to be protective against comorbidities such as high blood pressure and hypertension. In fact, muscular power was even found to be a stronger predictor of all-cause mortality than strength alone.

In addition to strength and muscular power, fitness training and VO2 max also play a crucial role in our overall health and well-being. One study found that high VO2 values correlated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, while another study found that all-cause mortality from cancer was significantly reduced in individuals with higher levels of VO2 max

Summary

In conclusion, staying fit and strong as we age is essential for our health and longevity. Regular exercise and physical activity, combined with a healthy diet and lifestyle, can help us maintain our strength, fitness, and health as we age, reducing our risk of various health problems and increasing our chances of living a long and healthy life. So, make sure to incorporate exercise and physical activity into your daily routine and make your health and well-being a top priority.

Sources

  • Gellert, C., Schöttker, B., & Brenner, H. (2012). Smoking and all-cause mortality in older people: systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med, 172(11), 837-844. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2012.1397
  • Diaz, K. M., Tanner, R. M., Falzon, L., Levitan, E. B., Reynolds, K., Shimbo, D., & Muntner, P. (2014). Visit-to-Visit Variability of Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Disease and All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Hypertension, 64, 965–982. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.03903
  • Flegal, K. M., Kit, B. K., Orpana, H., & Graubard, B. I. (2013). Association of All-Cause Mortality With Overweight and Obesity Using Standard Body Mass Index Categories: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA, 309(1), 71-82. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2012.113905
  • García-Hermoso, A., Cavero-Redondo, I., Ramírez-Vélez, R., Ruiz, J. R., Ortega, F. B., Lee, D. C., Martínez-Vizcaíno, V. (2018). Muscular Strength as a Predictor of All-Cause Mortality in an Apparently Healthy Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Data From Approximately 2 Million Men and Women. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99(10), 2100-2113.e5.
  • Hwang, S-H., Lee, D. H., Min, J., & Jeon, J. Y. (2019). Handgrip Strength as a Predictor of All-Cause Mortality in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Dialysis: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Journal of Renal Nutrition, 29(6), 471-479.
  • Eriksson, J. S., Ekblom, B., Andersson, G., Wallin, P., & Ekblom-Bak, E. (2022). Scaling VO2max to body size differences to evaluate associations to CVD incidence and all-cause mortality risk. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2021-000581
  • Metter, E. J., Talbot, L. A., Schrager, M., & Conwit, R. A. (2004). Arm-cranking muscle power and arm isometric muscle strength are independent predictors of all-cause mortality in men. Journal of applied physiology, 96(2), 551-558. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00370.2003 
  • Artero, E. G., Lee, D. C., Ruiz, J. R., Sui, X., Ortega, F. B., Church, T. S., Lavie, C. J., Castillo, M. J., & Blair, S. N. (2011). A Prospective Study of Muscular Strength and All-Cause Mortality in Men With Hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol, 57(18), 1831-1837.

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